Tuesday, December 2, 2014

Everyday Morality

BACKGROUND: most studies of morality have looked at artificial laboratory settings.

QUESTION: how is everyday morality expressed outside of a research lab?

METHODS: 1252 people were evaluated, looking for episodes of moral and immoral acts in their life

RESULTS: Liberals and conservatives had slightly different moral dimensions, but religious versus nonreligious people did not differ in their moral dimensions. Receiving moral or immoral deeds had a strongest impact on happiness, whereas committing moral or immoral deeds a strong impact on sense of purpose.

Science. 2014 Sep 12;345(6202):1340-3

Monday, November 10, 2014

Are Neural Responses to Moral Dilemmas Different in Atheists?

QUESTION: are neural responses to standard moral dilemmas are influenced by religious belief?

METHODS: 11 Christians and 13 atheists were confronted with 48 different moral dilemmas and their neural activity measured.

RESULTS: a difference in neural activity between the atheists and the Christians was observed in the precuneus and in prefrontal, frontal and temporal regions.

CONCLUSION: the neurological response to moral judgment appears to be influenced by religious belief.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2014 Feb;9(2):240-9

Monday, October 20, 2014

Ethics in medical research and publication

Ethics in medical research and publication.
OBJECTIVE: To present the basic principles and standards of Ethics in medical research and publishing

METHODS: An analysis of relevant materials and documents, sources from the published literature.

CONCLUSIONS: Invest in education of researches and potential researches, already in the level of medical schools. Educating them on research bioethics, what constitutes research misconduct and the seriousness of it repercussion is essential for finding a solution to this problem and ensuring careers are constructed on honesty and integrity.

Int J Prev Med. 2014 Sep;5(9):1073-82

Thursday, October 16, 2014

Hope as a Moral Competency in Nursing

Sustaining hope as a moral competency in the context of aggressive care.
OBJECTIVE: How can nurses preserve the hope of seriously ill patients without providing false hope?
FINDINGS: One overarching theme was identified: 'Mediating the tension between providing false hope and destroying hope within biomedicine.'

DISCUSSION: This competency represents a complex set of skills. Nurses must be able to imagine possible future hopes, be able to acknowledge death, and challenge those around them when the provision of aggressive care is a form of providing false hope.

Nurs Ethics. 2014 Oct 14;

Saturday, March 29, 2014

The ethics of the missing straw.

This case report details the emergency department course of a 34 year-old female who presented with abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding after reportedly falling one week earlier. She was subsequently found to have a drinking straw within her uterus next to an eight week-old live intrauterine pregnancy on ultrasound. This case report and discussion reviews the literature on retained foreign bodies in pregnancy while addressing the added complications of an evasive patient and a difficult consultant with significant intra-specialty disagreement.

West J Emerg Med. 2014 Mar;15(2):131-3

Moral development of first-year pharmacy students in the United kingdom.

Objective. To investigate the moral development of pharmacy students over their first academic year of study at a university in the United Kingdom. Methods. Pharmacy students completed Defining Issues Test (DIT) at the start of their first year (phase 1) and again at the end of their first year (phase 2) of the program. Results. Pharmacy students (N=116) had significantly higher moral reasoning at the beginning of their first year than by the end of it. Scores differed by students' gender and age; however, these findings differed between phase 1 and phase 2. Conclusion. First-year pharmacy students in the United Kingdom scored lower on moral reasoning than did pharmacy students in the United States and Canada.

Am J Pharm Educ. 2014 Mar 12;78(2):36

Friday, March 21, 2014

Seeing Responsibility: Can Neuroimaging Teach Us About Morality?

As imaging technologies help us understand the structure and function of the brain, providing insight into human capabilities as basic as vision and as complex as memory, and human conditions as impairing as depression and as fraught as psychopathy, some have asked whether they can also help us understand human agency. Specifically, could neuroimaging lead us to reassess the socially significant practice of assigning and taking responsibility? While responsibility itself is not a psychological process open to investigation through neuroimaging, decision-making is. Over the past decade, different researchers and scholars have sought to use neuroimaging (or the results of neuroimaging studies) to investigate what is going on in the brain when we make decisions. The results of this research raise the question whether neuroscience-especially now that it includes neuroimaging-can and should alter our understandings of responsibility and our related practice of holding people responsible. It is this question that we investigate here.

Hastings Cent Rep. 2014 Mar;44 Suppl 2:S37-49